To identify and understand the ignition risks associated with situations unique to liquid hydrogen releases, where factors of cryogenic temperatures are significant. Ares of particular interest are: ignition potential at reduced temperature in the vapour phase; electrostatic charging in liquefied/multiphase mixtures; and energetic multiphase mixtures of hydrogen and oxygen.
The key objective is to understand the impact of these particular circumstances on the likelihood of ignition, and to confirm the prioritisation of phenomena for further study within the project. The key phenomena are:
- Electrostatic charge generation and build up associated with multi-phase releases/ mixtures.
- Evaluation and characterisation of processes that may lead to mixed H2 and O2
- Ignition of mixed solid/liquid/gas phase involving H2 and O2.
- The susceptibility of H2/O2 mixtures to ignition by various means.
- Flammability characteristics for low temperature. Generally where not of interest to spills in the open (as controls for room temperature are worst case) potential mixtures in containers/ process vessels need this information.
- Other ignition phenomena (spark, fire, catalytic materials, radiation, “diffusion ignition”…).
Led by HSL
|WP/ Exp. Nr.||Phenomena/ Name||To be investigated||Variation of||Partner/ Test facility|
|E4.1||General ignition||influence of the adiabatic mixing temperature on the standard ignition parameters||Concentration/temp||INERIS/ Available mixing nozzle|
|E4.2||Electrostatic ignition in cold jet||Electrostatic measurements Auto-ignition mechanism BOS images of the jet H2 concentration profile||Initial pressure Initial temperature Nozzle diameter||KIT/ HYKA-A1 "Paul Coupe"-Facility|
|E4.3||Electrostatic ignition in cold plume||Electrostatic measurements Auto-ignition mechanism BOS images of the plumes H2 concentration profile||HSL/ same as 3.5|
|E4.4||Ignition above pool||ignition position BOS imaging temperature profile in a gas||Material of the ground Initial temperature||KIT/ HYKA-H110 same as E3.4|
|E4.5||Condensed phase ignition||Composition, energy and types of ignition source||Produce under idealised conditions to understand sensitivity and conditions for ignition.||HSL/ Blast test facility|