To identify and understand the ignition risks associated with situations unique to liquid hydrogen releases, where factors of cryogenic temperatures are significant. Ares of particular interest are: ignition potential at reduced temperature in the vapour phase; electrostatic charging in liquefied/multiphase mixtures; and energetic multiphase mixtures of hydrogen and oxygen.


The key objective is to understand the impact of these particular circumstances on the likelihood of ignition, and to confirm the prioritisation of phenomena for further study within the project. The key phenomena are:

  • Electrostatic charge generation and build up associated with multi-phase releases/ mixtures.
  • Evaluation and characterisation of processes that may lead to mixed H2 and O2
  • Ignition of mixed solid/liquid/gas phase involving H2 and O2.
  • The susceptibility of H2/O2 mixtures to ignition by various means.
  • Flammability characteristics for low temperature. Generally where not of interest to spills in the open (as controls for room temperature are worst case) potential mixtures in containers/ process vessels need this information.
  • Other ignition phenomena (spark, fire, catalytic materials, radiation, “diffusion ignition”…).

Led by HSL